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Wassenaar Arrangement

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Overview Edit

The Wassenaar Arrangement (full name: "The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies") (WA) is a multilateral export control regime (MECR) with 40 participating states. It promotes "transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies." [1]

It is the successor to the Cold war-era Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls (COCOM), and was established on May 12, 1996, in the Dutch town of Wassenaar, near The Hague. The Wassenaar Arrangement is considerably less strict than COCOM, focusing primarily on the transparency of national export control regimes and not granting veto power to individual members over organizational decisions. A Secretariat for administrating the agreement is located in Vienna, Austria.

The WA is open to other countries that comply with the export control criteria. To be admitted to the Arrangement, a country must: (1) be a producer and/or exporter of arms or dual-use industrial equipment; (2) maintain non-proliferation policies and appropriate national policies, including adherence to international non-proliferation regimes and treaties; and (3) maintain fully effective export controls.

Control Lists Edit

The outline of the arrangement is set out in a document entitled "Guidelines & Procedures, including the Initial Elements." The list of restricted technologies is broken into two parts, the "List of Dual-Use Goods and Technologies" (also known as the Basic List) and the "Munitions List." The Basic List is composed of ten Categories based on increasing levels of sophistication. The Categories are:

  • Category 1 - Special Materials and Related Equipment
  • Category 2 - Materials Processing
  • Category 3 - Electronics
  • Category 4 - Computers
  • Category 5 - Part 1 - Telecommunications
  • Category 5 - Part 2 - "Information Security"
  • Category 6 - Sensors and "Lasers"
  • Category 7 - Navigation and Avionics
  • Category 8 - Marine
  • Category 9 - Aerospace and Propulsion

The Basic List has two nested subsections: a Sensitive List and a Very Sensitive List. Items of the Very Sensitive List include materials for stealth technology, equipment that can be used for submarine detection, advanced radar, and jet engine technologies.

The Munitions List has 22 categories, which are not labeled.

References Edit

  1. See

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