Definition Edit

Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) technologies

facilitate the sharing of data, such as vehicle speed and location, among vehicles to warn drivers of potential collisions. Based on the data shared, V2V technologies are capable of warning drivers of imminent collisions, including some that sensor-based crash avoidance technologies would be unable to detect.[1]

Overview Edit

"NHTSA is taking steps to enable vehicle-to-vehicle communication technology for light vehicles. It has recognized the potential of this technology to improve safety by allowing vehicles to communicate with each other and ultimately avoid many crashes altogether by continuously exchanging basic safety data, such as speed and position."[2]

"V2V communications transmit and receive messages at the 5.8-5.9 GHz frequency."[3]

Liability Edit

"Auto manufacturers repeatedly have expressed . . . their concern that V2V technologies will increase their liability as compared with other safety technologies. In their view, a V2V system exposes them to more legal risk than on-board safety systems because V2V warning technologies rely on information received from other vehicles via communication systems that they themselves do not control. However, the decision options currently under consideration by the NHTSA involve safety warning technologies — not control technologies. NHTSA's legal analysis indicates that, from a products liability standpoint, V2V safety warning technologies, analytically, are quite similar to on-board safety warnings systems found in today's motor vehicles. For this reason, NHTSA does not view V2V warning technologies as creating new or unbounded liability exposure for the industry."[4]

Privacy Edit

"[T]he V2V system as currently contemplated by NHTSA . . . will not collect or store any data identifying individuals or individual vehicles, nor will it enable the government to do so. There is no data in the safety messages exchanged by vehicles or collected by the V2V system that could be used by law enforcement or private entities to personally identify a speeding or erratic driver. The system — operated by private entities — will not enable tracking through space and time of vehicles linked to specific owners or drivers. Third parties attempting to use the system to track a vehicle would find it extremely difficult to do so, particularly in light of far simpler and cheaper means available for that purpose. The system will not collect financial information, personal communications, or other information linked to individuals. The system will enroll V2V enabled vehicles automatically, without collecting any information that identifies specific vehicles or owners. The system will not provide a 'pipe' into the vehicle for extracting data. The system will enable NHTSA and motor vehicle manufacturers to find lots or production runs of potentially defective V2V equipment without use of VIN numbers or other information that could identify specific drivers or vehicles."[5]

References Edit

  1. Intelligent Transportation Systems: Vehicle-to-Vehicle Technologies Expected to Offer Safety Benefits, but a Variety of Deployment Challenges Exist, at 2.
  2. Autonomy Research for Civil Aviation: Toward a New Era of Flight, at 30 & n.25.
  3. Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communications: Readiness of V2V Technology for ApplicationReadiness of V2V]], at xvii.
  4. Id. at xviii.
  5. Id. at xviii-xix.

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