UN General Assembly, Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), G.A. Res. 217A(III), U.N. GAOR, 3d Sess., U.N. Doc. A/810 (Dec. 10, 1948).
The Declaration consists of 30 articles which have been elaborated in subsequent international treaties, regional human rights instruments, national constitutions and laws.
The Declaration arose directly from the experience of the Second World War and represents the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are entitled.
Article 12 of the UDHR provides that:
|“||No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.||”|
The right to freedom of expression is guaranteed under Article 19.
While the UDHR is not directly binding on states, parts of it, including Article 19, are widely regarded as having acquired legal force as customary international law since the UDHR was adopted in 1948.