Unbundled network elements (UNE) are a requirement mandated by the Telecommunications Act of 1996. They are the parts of the telecommunications network that the incumbent local exchange carriers (ILECs) are required to offer on an unbundled basis.
Together, these parts make up a local loop that connects to a digital subscriber line access multiplexer (DSLAM), a voice switch or both. The loop allows non-facilities-based telecommunications providers to deliver service without laying network infrastructure, such as copper wire, optical fiber, and coaxial cable.
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