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Trustworthiness

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Definitions Edit

Computing Edit

Trustworthiness is a multidimensional measure of the extent to which a system is likely to satisfy each of multiple aspects of each stated requirement for some desired combination of system integrity, system availability and survivability, data confidentiality, guaranteed real-time performance, accountability, attribution, usability, and other critical needs.

Trustworthiness expresses the degree to which information systems (including the information technology products from which the systems are built) can be expected to: (i) perform in a specified or predictable manner; and (ii) preserve the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the information being processed, stored, or transmitted by the systems.

Trustworthy information systems are systems that are worthy of being trusted to operate within defined levels of risk despite the environmental disruptions, human errors, and purposeful attacks that are expected to occur in the specified environments of operation. Two factors affecting the trustworthiness of an information system include:

Critical systems and their operating environments must be trustworthy despite a very wide range of adversities and adversaries. Historically, many system uses assumed the existence of a trustworthy computing base that would provide a suitable foundation for such computing. However, this assumption has not been justified.

Scalable trustworthiness will be essential for many national- and world-scale systems, including those supporting critical infrastructures. Current methodologies for creating high-assurance systems do not scale to the size of today’s — let alone tomorrow’s — critical systems.

Spoofed websites, stolen passwords, and compromised login accounts are all symptoms of an untrustworthy computing environment. One key step in reducing online fraud and identity theft is to increase the level of trust associated with identities in cyberspace.

Evidence Edit

Trustworthiness of documentary evidence or testimony is based primarily on subjective factors, but can include objective measurements such as established reliability.

General Edit

Trustworthiness is

an attribute of a person or organization that provides confidence to others of the qualifications, capabilities, and reliability of that entity to perform specific tasks and fulfill assigned responsibilities.[1]

Security Edit

Trustworthiness is

[s]ecurity decisions with respect to extended investigations to determine and confirm qualifications, and suitability to perform specific tasks and responsibilities.[2]

Overview Edit

Control system Edit

"The level of trustworthiness for organizational control systems is defined in terms of degree of correctness for intended functionality and of degree of resilience to attack by explicitly identified levels of adversary capability. In addition, but not as a replacement for this expression of degree of correctness and resilience, the level of trustworthiness may also be described in terms of levels of developmental assurance, that is, actions taken in the specification, design, development, implementation, and operation/maintenance of the control system that impact the degree of correctness and resilience achieved. Trustworthiness may be defined as different levels on the basis of component-by-component, subsystem-by-subsystem, function-by-function, or a combination of the above. However, typically functions, subsystems, and components are highly interrelated, making separation by trustworthiness perhaps problematic and, at a minimum, something that likely requires careful attention in order to achieve practically useful results."[3]

References Edit

  1. NIST Special Publication 800-160, at B-15.
  2. FIPS 201.
  3. Catalog of Control Systems Security: Recommendations for Standards Developers, at 32.

See also Edit

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