Christopher L. Weber, et al., The Role of the National Science Foundation in the Origin and Evolution of Additive Manufacturing in the United States (Science and Technology Policy Institute) (IDA Paper P-5091) (Nov. 2013) (full-text)..
The rapidly growing research field of additive manufacturing is an emerging technology that is proving to have the potential to revolutionize manufacturing. The IDA Science and Technology Policy Institute (STPI) undertook this study to examine the role of the National Science Foundation (NSF) and other U.S. Government agencies in the development and commercialization of additive manufacturing within the United States. Ultimately, the goal was to discover what lessons can be learned about identifying, nurturing, and promoting emerging science and engineering at NSF.
The study found that NSF played an important role, together with industry and such agencies as the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Office of Naval Research, and NASA, in creating and maturing the field.