U.K. Cabinet Office, The National Security Strategy of the United Kingdom: Security in an Independent World (Cm 7291) (Mar. 19, 2008) (full-text).
The aim of this first National Security Strategy was to set out how the U.K. government will address and manage a diverse though interconnected set of security challenges and underlying drivers, both immediately and in the longer term, to safeguard the nation, its citizens, prosperity and way of life.
The scope and approach of this strategy reflected the way the U.K. government's understanding of national security has changed. In the past, the state was the traditional focus of foreign, defence and security policies, and national security was understood as dealing with the protection of the state and its vital interests from attacks by other states. Over recent decades, that view of national security has broadened to include threats to individual citizens and to their way of life, as well as to the integrity and interests of the state.
That is why this strategy deals with transnational crime, pandemics and flooding — not part of the traditional idea of national security, but clearly challenges that can affect large numbers of citizens, and which demand some of the same responses as more traditional security threats, including terrorism. The broad scope of this strategy also reflects the government's commitment to focus on the underlying drivers of security and insecurity, rather than just immediate threats and risks.
This Strategy document was updated in June 2009 by The National Security Strategy of the United Kingdom: Security for the Next Generation.