It is the opinion of the NBS Planning Office that private-sector standards significantly affect industrial innovation. These impacts are thought to be substantial in both positive and negative directions. The direction and magnitude of the effects of industry standards on industrial innovation seem to be determined by a number of quite different and separate factors, including industry structure and behavior, the nature of the generic or underlying technology, the stage in the evolution of the industry and its technology, and so on.
This study takes the initial steps in developing both the analytical capability and the data base required to assess the impacts of standards on industrial innovation. The focus is on private-sector standards.