This background report examines the networking and software programs within selected agencies. Certain management and institutional questions pertinent to the Federal efforts are also raised and discussed. It was requested by the House Committee on Science and Technology. Within the past two years, there has been a notable expansion in the Federal supercomputer programs and this increase prompted the committee’s request for a review of issues of resource management, networking, and the role of supercomputers in basic research.
This report explored the structure and orientation of selected foreign programs, issues of manpower, institutional change, new research organizations developing out of Bell Laboratories, and trends in science and technology policy. Four specific areas of research: advanced computer architecture, artificial intelligence, fiber optics, and software engineering were also examined.