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Definitions Edit

Australia Edit

Sensitive information is

(a) information or an opinion about an individual's:
(i) racial or ethnic origin; or
(ii) political opinions; or
(iii) membership of a political association; or
(iv) religious beliefs or affiliations; or
(v) philosophical beliefs; or
(vi) membership of a professional or trade association; or
(vii) membership of a trade union; or
(viii) sexual orientation or practices; or
(ix) criminal record;

that is also personal information; or

(b) health information about an individual; or
(c) genetic information about an individual that is not otherwise health information; or
(d) biometric information that is to be used for the purpose of automated biometric verification or biometric identification; or
(e) biometric template.[1]

United States Edit

Sensitive information is

any information, the loss, misuse, or unauthorized access to or modification of which could adversely affect the national interest or the conduct of federal programs, or the privacy to which individuals are entitled under section 552a of title 5, United States Code (the Privacy Act of 1974), but which has not been specifically authorized under criteria established by an Executive Order or an Act of Congress to be kept secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy.[2]
information not otherwise categorized by statute or regulation that if disclosed could have an adverse impact on the welfare or privacy of individuals or on the welfare or conduct of Federal programs or other programs or operations essential to the national interest. Examples of sensitive information include personal data such as Social Security number; trade secrets; system vulnerability information; pre-solicitation procurement documents, such as statements of work; and law enforcement investigative methods; similarly, detailed reports related to computer security deficiencies in internal controls are also sensitive information because of the potential damage that could be caused by the misuse of this information. System vulnerability information about a financial system shall be considered Sensitive Financial Information. All sensitive information must be protected from loss, misuse, modification, and unauthorized access.[3]
personally identifiable data about which users are likely to be concerned, such as precise geo-location; financial and medical information; passwords; stored information such as contacts, photos, and videos; and children's information.[4]

Examples Edit

Examples of sensitive information include personal data such as Social Security Number; trade secrets; system vulnerability information; pre-solicitation procurement documents, such as statements of work; and law enforcement investigative methods; similarly, detailed reports related to computer security deficiencies in internal controls are also sensitive information because of the potential damage that could be caused by the misuse of this information. All sensitive information must be protected from loss, misuse, modification, and unauthorized access.

With the exception of certain types of information protected by statute (e.g., Sensitive Security Information, Critical Infrastructure Information), there are no specific Federal criteria and no standard terminology for designating types of sensitive information. Such designations are left to the discretion of each individual Federal agency.

References Edit

  1. Privacy Act 1988, s.6.
  2. Computer Security Act of 1987.
  3. DHS Sensitive Systems Policy Directive 4300A, at 3.
  4. Privacy on the Go: Recommendations for the Mobile Ecosystem, at 6.

Source Edit

See also Edit

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