Scientific and technical information (STI) is
|“||the collected set of facts, analyses, and conclusions resulting from scientific, technical, and related engineering research and development efforts, both basic and applied.||”|
|“||[c]ommunicable knowledge or information resulting from or pertaining to conducting and managing a scientific or engineering research effort.||”|
"The importance of STI stems from its critical role in all phases of the innovation process. These include education, basic research, applied research and development, product development and manufacturing, and the application of science and technology to meet the needs in the commercial, not-for-profit, and governmental markets."