SLAPP is an acronym for "strategic lawsuit against public participation." SLAPPs have been defined as "civil lawsuits . . . aimed at preventing citizens from exercising their political rights or punishing those who have done so."
Generally, those who file SLAPP suits care little about winning. Instead, they file the litigation to deter activists by subjecting them to financial and emotional harassment, thereby hoping to silence them. Additionally, the SLAPP lawsuit is intended to send a message to others that they too mAY be sued if they speak out, thereby stifling dissent.