The Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended, created independent audit and investigative units — Offices of (the) Inspector General — at 57 Federal agencies. In 1981, the President's Council on Integrity and Efficiency (PCIE) was established by Executive Order. An Executive Order in 1992 reaffirmed the PCIE. The PCIE was an interagency committee chaired by the Office of Management and Budget's Deputy Director for Management.
Its mission was to continually identify, review, and discuss areas of weakness and vulnerability in Federal programs and operations to fraud, waste, and abuse, and to develop plans for coordinated, Government-wide activities that address these problems and promote economy and efficiency in Federal programs and operations.
The Inspector General Act of 1978, as amended by the IG Reform Act of 2008 created the Council of the Inspectors General on Integrity and Efficiency (CIGIE), combining the President's Council on Integrity and Efficiency and the Executive Council on Integrity and Efficiency.