Next Generation Internet Research Act of 1998, Pub. L. No. 105-305, 112 Stat. 2919 (Oct. 28, 1998), codified at 15 U.S.C. §5501 (full-text).
The Act had two overarching purposes. The first was to authorize research programs related to high-end computing and computation, human-centered systems, high confidence systems, and education, training, and human resources. The second was to provide for the development and coordination of a comprehensive and integrated U.S. research program to focus on (1) computer network infrastructure that would promote interoperability among advanced federal computer networks, (2) economic high-speed data access that does not impose a “geographic penalty” and (3) flexible and extensible networking technology.
The Act also directed the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a study of the short- and long-term effects on trademark rights of adding new generation top-level domains and related dispute resolution procedures.