The Nationwide Suspicious Activity Reporting (SAR) Initiative (NSI) is an outgrowth of a number of separate but related activities over the last several years that respond directly to the mandate of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 for a "decentralized, distributed, and coordinated [information sharing] environment . . . with 'applicable legal standards relating to privacy and civil liberties.'"
The NSI strategy is to develop, evaluate, and implement common processes and policies for gathering, documenting, processing, analyzing, and sharing information about terrorism-related suspicious activities. The long-term goal is for state, local, tribal, and federal law enforcement organizations, as well as private sector entities, to participate in the NSI, allowing them to share information about suspicious activity that is potentially terrorism-related.