The White House, National Security Presidential Directive 59/Homeland Security Presidential Directive 24 (NSPD 59/HSPD 24): Biometrics for Identification and Screening to Enhance National Security (June 2008) (full-text).
This directive established a framework to ensure Federal departments and agencies use compatible methods and procedures in the collection, storage, use, analysis, and sharing of biometric and associated information, biographic and contextual information of individuals in a lawful and appropriate manner, while respecting privacy and other legal rights under U.S. law.
DOD, DOJ (including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)), DHS, and the State Department collect biometric information to meet their missions. Prior to the issuance of NSPD 59/HSPD 24, these agencies had established formal and informal arrangements regarding the sharing of information among three major biometric systems: (1) the FBI's Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS), which is used for law enforcement purposes; (2) DHS's Automated Biometric Identification System, known as IDENT, which is used by the department in cooperation with its components for several missions and functions including border security, naturalization, and counterterrorism activities, as well as the State Department as part of its visa approval process; and (3) DOD's Automated Biometric Identification System (ABIS), which stores biometric information collected on non-U.S.persons. These agencies have implemented policies that use standards to facilitate the sharing of information among the three systems.
This directive builds upon these existing coordination efforts and helps to ensure that high-level plans are implemented throughout government. This directive does not impose requirements on State, local, or tribal authorities, or on the private sector. It also does not provide new Federal authority for collection, retention, or dissemination of information, or for identification and screening activities.