The National Plan for Research and Development in Support of Critical Infrastructure Protection, issued jointly by the Department of Homeland Security and Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) in April 2005, specifically addressed R&D not covered in the February 2005 interim National Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP).
Three long-term strategic goals were identified:
- A national common operating picture for critical infrastructure,
- A next-generation computing and communications network with security “designed-in” and inherent in all elements rather than added after the fact, and
- Resilient, self-diagnosing, and self-healing physical and cyber infrastructure systems.