In 2004, Congress established the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) to integrate and analyze all intelligence possessed or acquired by the federal government pertaining to terrorism and counterterrorism (except for intelligence specific to domestic terrorism and domestic counterterrorism). It was specifically established to bring together all available information on terrorism, analyze the information, and provide warning of potential attacks on the United States.
- Directorate of Intelligence
- Directorate of Strategic Operational Planning
- Directorate of Terrorist Identities
- Directorate of Operations Support
- Office of National Intelligence Management
As a component of the Office of the Director of National Intelligence, the NCTC is composed of analysts with backgrounds in many government agencies and has access to various agency databases. It prepares studies ranging from strategic assessment of the future terrorist threats to daily briefings and situation reports. It is also responsible, directly to the President, for planning (but not directing) counterterrorism efforts. The NCTC received a statutory charter in the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004.
Consistent with applicable law and the direction from the President, the NCTC may receive intelligence pertaining exclusively to domestic counterterrorism from any Federal or SLT government, or other source necessary to fulfill its responsibilities and retain and disseminate such intelligence.
NCTC serves as the central and shared knowledge bank on known and suspected terrorists and international terror groups; ensures agencies, as appropriate, have access to and receive all-source intelligence support needed to execute their counterterrorism plans or perform independent, alternative analysis; and ensures that such agencies have access to and receive intelligence needed to accomplish their assigned activities. Any agency authorized to conduct counterterrorism activities may request information from the Center to assist it in its activities, consistent with applicable law and guidelines provided for the provision of and access to intelligence. NCTC enables the sharing of a wide spectrum of terrorism intelligence and related information among thousands of users in the federal counterterrorism community through its secure website, National Counterterrorism Center Online (NOL), that operates in separate security domains.
At the direction of President Bush, the NCTC produced the National Implementation Plan for the War on Terror (NIP) to further delineate Federal Department and Agency tasks to implement National Security Presidential Directive-46 (NSPD-46)/Homeland Security Presidential Directive-15 (HSPD-15). At the same time, the Departments of Justice (DOJ), Homeland Security (DHS), Defense (DoD), and State (DOS) and the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) have enhanced their field operations and technical capabilities and strengthened their working relationships with SLT, the private sector, and foreign partners.
- ↑ National Security Act of 1947, as amended (50 U.S.C. §402 et seq.).
- ↑ Id. §119(e)(1).
- ↑ IRTPA §1021.