The National Coordination Office (NCO) for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development coordinates the activities of the NITRD Program. The NCO was first established in September 1992 and was initially called the National Coordination Office for High Performance Computing and Communications (NCO/HPCC). Its name has changed several times over the years; as of July 2005, it was referred to as the National Coordination Office for Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NCO/NITRD). The NCO/NITRD supports the planning, coordination, budget, and assessment activities of the Program. The NCO's role in the NITRD enterprise is recognized in the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) charters, authorizing NITRD Program structures as well as in legislation and Congressional hearings. The Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) appoints a Director for the NCO. The Director of the NCO reports to the Director of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. The NCO supports the National Science and Technology Council's Subcommittee on NITRD (also called the NITRD Subcommittee).