This Roadmap identifies and prioritizes research and development (R&D) needs with the goal of giving decision makers at all levels of government more accurate and timely information when biological incidents threaten health.
Such incidents adash; whether the result of natural evolutionary causes, accidental releases or exposures, or malevolent activities — have the potential to erupt suddenly and evolve quickly. Surveillance can be key to predicting and even preventing such incidents, and can help minimize the impacts of incidents that cannot be prevented.
The Roadmap builds upon the National Strategy for Biosurveillance, published in July 2012, which recognized that a well-integrated national biosurveillance enterprise can save lives by providing essential information for better decision making. Drafted by the interagency Biosurveillance Science and Technology Working Group under the National Science and Technology Council's Committee on Homeland and National Security, the Roadmap identifies R&D priorities to enable the Core Functions of the Strategy.