Military Information Support Operations (MISO) (previously known as psychological operations or PSYOP) are
|“||the dissemination of truthful information to foreign audiences in support of U.S. policy and national objectives."||”|
|“||[p]lanned operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and ultimately the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals. The purpose of psychological operations is to induce or reinforce foreign attitudes and behavior favorable to the originator's objectives.||”|
Used during peacetime, contingencies and declared war, these activities are not forms of force, but are force multipliers that use nonviolent means in often violent environments. Persuading rather than compelling physically, they rely on logic, fear, desire or other mental factors to promote specific emotions, attitudes or behaviors. The ultimate objective of U.S. Military Information Support Operations is to convince enemy, neutral, and friendly nations and forces to take action favorable to the U.S. and its allies.
Military Information Support Operations support national security objectives at the tactical, operational and strategic levels of operations. Strategic Military Information Support Operations advance broad or long-term objectives. Global in nature, they may be directed toward large audiences or at key communicators.
- ↑ Fact Sheet: Military Information Support Operations.
- ↑ Office of Counterintelligence (DXC), Defense CI & HUMINT Center, Defense Intelligence Agency, "Terms and Definitions of Interest for DoD Counterintelligence Professional," at GL-115 (May 2, 2011) (full-text).