A listserv is
|“||an automatic mailing list service that amounts to an e-mail discussion group.... Subscribers receive and send messages that are distributed to all others on the listserv. . . . Messages may be automatically posted to the listserv or filtered through the list owner (who may elect not to post messages that are off topic or inappropriate). A listserv, unlike a newsgroup, involves one-to-many messaging, rather than the use of distributed message databases.||”|
|“||a method of communicating with a group of people via email. One email message is sent to a 'reflector' email address, and software sends the email out to all of the group's subscribers.||”|
Listservs are popular among special interest groups seeking an efficient and inexpensive way to communicate with large groups of people. A group’s listserv is an e-mail-based service that allows a subscriber to send an e-mail to a single address for distribution to all subscribers. Listserv software provides a central point of administration for the distribution of e-mail. Listservs can be publicly accessible or privately administered, allowing a moderator to control access and content. Some listservs are Web-based, such as Yahoo!Groups or Topica, while others exist on private mail servers, using such software as “Mailman” or “L-soft.”
A listserv allows subscribers to send bulk electronic mail to all members of the group with both individual messages and digests containing multiple messages. In some cases, subscribers are allowed to upload and download files from designated file storage areas or send and receive files as attachments, which are subsequently stored on the mail server.
Although the network administrator of the hosting server will have ultimate control over the operations of a listserv, the person responsible for the configuration of an individual listserv is the list administrator or list owner. The list owner designates moderators and assigns them administration rights, such as adding and deleting users and approving messages for distribution on a moderated list.
- ↑ Batzel v. Smith, 333 F.3d 1018, 1022 n.2 (9th Cir. 2003) (citation omitted).
- ↑ Mobile Devices: Federal Agencies' Steps to Improve Mobile Access to Government Information and Services, at 21 n.48.