Knowledge sharing is
|“||an activity through which knowledge (i.e., information, skills, or expertise) is exchanged among people, friends, or members of a family, a community (e.g., Wikipedia) or an organization.||”|
|“||[a] variety of activities . . . intended not (or not only) to share immediate or time-sensitive information but rather to build a common pool of knowledge and lessons learned across separate organizations.||”|
Organizations have recognized that knowledge constitutes a valuable intangible asset for creating and sustaining competitive advantages. Knowledge sharing activities are generally supported by knowledge management systems. However, technology constitutes only one of the many factors that affect the sharing of knowledge in organizations, such as organizational culture, trust, and incentives. The sharing of knowledge constitutes a major challenge in the field of knowledge management because some employees tend to resist sharing their knowledge with the rest of the organization.
Knowledge sharing plays a key role in helping respect universality, indivisibility and the interdependence of human rights, and in particular, the freedom of expression and access to information. Knowledge sharing also helps achieve the goal of an education for all, information for all and the benefits that come from a diversity of cultures and identities.
- ↑ How Do We Know What Information Sharing Is Really Worth? Exploring Methodologies to Measure the Value of Information Sharing and Fusion Efforts, at 8.
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