The Joint Information Operations Warfare Center (JIOWC) is subordinate to United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM). The JIOWC consists of several directorates including the EW directorate. The JIOWC integrates joint information operations, including EW, into military plans, exercises, and operations. It is a valuable resource for commanders during the planning and execution of joint information operations. It deploys information operations planning teams when the commander of USSTRATCOM approves a request for support. The JIOWC delivers tailored, highly skilled support and sophisticated models and simulations to joint commanders and provides information operations expertise in joint exercises and contingency operations.