The Joint Electronic Warfare Center was established by the Secretary of Defense in October 1980 and reported to the Joint Staff. In September 1994, the mission was expanded and the organization was renamed the Joint Command and Control Warfare Center (JC2WC). In 1998, as a result of the Defense Reform Initiative (DRI), the JC2WC was realigned from the Joint Staff to U.S. Atlantic Command. The JC2WC mission was further expanded and resulted in redesignation as the Joint Information Operations Center (JIOC). In October 1999, the JIOC was realigned as a subordinate command of USSPACECOM.
On October 1, 2002, the JIOC was realigned as a subordinate command to USSTRATCOM. In 2006 the JIOC was renamed the Joint Information Operations Warfare Command (JIOWC), and focused on operational IO planning and operations. Subsequently, on May 15, 2009 the JIOWC was renamed the Joint Information Operations Warfare Center (JIOWC).