Computers connected to the Internet are identified by a unique Internet Protocol number (IP number) that designates their specific location, thereby making it possible to send and receive messages and to access information from computers anywhere on the Internet.
|“||When the Internet was first developing, the IP numbers were assigned and maintained by the late Dr. Jon Postel at the University of Southern California; this effort later became known as the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority ("IANA"), which still allocates IP numbers today. . . . Postel took on this task when he was a graduate student at UCLA, pursuant to a contract between the Defense Department's Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency ("DARPA") and UCLA. Management of Internet Names and Addresses, 62 Fed. Reg. 31741 (1998).||”|