Established in 1947, the International Organization for Standardization (also referred to as the International Standardization Organization or ISO) is a non-governmental, worldwide federation of national standards bodies from some 162 countries with a Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland, supporting the process. It promotes the development of standardization and related activities worldwide to facilitating the international exchange of goods and services, and to developing cooperation in the areas of intellectual, scientific, technological and economic activity. ISO works for international agreements which are then published as international standards.
The ISO acts as a bridging organization in which a consensus can be reached on solutions that meet both the requirements of business and the broader needs of society, such as the needs of stakeholder groups like consumers and users.
- Cyberspace: United States Faces Challenges in Addressing Global Cybersecurity and Governance, at 12.
- NIST Special Publication 800-165, at 8.