An intelligence report (INTREP) is
|“||[a] specific report of information, usually on a single item, made at any level of command in tactical operations and disseminated as rapidly as possible in keeping with the timeliness of the information.||”|
Classification and release Edit
Due to the need to protect the identity of information sources and due to the potential implications of the results of IC analysis, most intelligence reports are classified. Classification of intelligence reports can limit the customer's ability to use them, particularly when they are interacting with individuals outside the U.S. Government. In recognition of the importance of making intelligence useful to its customers, the IC has established procedures to allow for appropriate release of intelligence. General guidelines for the release of intelligence include the following:
- Some intelligence can be shared through foreign disclosure, some through discretionary release by the IC, and some through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) (5 U.S.C. §552) with redactions.
- Different categories of review and release requests are handled differently.
- Some categories are handled collaboratively with the requestor, while others are handled strictly through internal IC processes.
- The IC is working to maximize discoverability, by the by the IC and USG, of information and utility of intelligence products.
- The originators of the information will consider many factors, including:
- The impact of release of the information.
- The sensitivity and vulnerability of the information source or method.
- The uniqueness or traceability of the information source.
- The effect on external relationships.
- Specific wording may determine whether the information is releasable.
- Less specific language and attributes are more likely to be approved for release.
- The identification of the information source is often the most sensitive information in a report.
- The intended audience has an impact on the decision.
- Is the intelligence being released to a federal department, a state police agency, a foreign liaison service, a foreign official, or to the public or news media?
- "Publicly Available" does not necessarily mean "Officially Acknowledged."
- The IC complies with the FOIA as written. 5 U.S.C. §552, as amended, provides that any person has the right to obtain access to federal agency records, except to the extent that those records, or portions of them, are protected from public disclosure by one of the nine exemptions allowed under FOIA.
- The IC classifies and declassifies national security information in accordance with EO 13526. Information shall not be considered for classification unless its
unauthorized disclosure could reasonably be expected to cause identifiable or describable damage to the national security.
- ↑ U.S. Department of Defense, Joint Pub. 1–02: DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms (Nov. 8, 2010, as amended through May 15, 2011) (full-text).
- U.S. National Intelligence: An Overview 2011, at 62-63.