Intelligence preparation of the battlefield (IPB) is
|“||[t]he systematic, continuous process of analyzing the threat and environment in a specific geographic area. Intelligence preparation of the battlefield is designed to support the staff estimate and military decisionmaking process. Most intelligence requirements are generated as a result of the IPB process and its interrelation with the decisionmaking process.||”|
"IPB was originally designed to support the MDMP and troop leading procedures, but it can also be incorporated into other problem-solving models like design and red teaming. OSINT plays a significant and integral part during IPB in satisfying intelligence and information requirements indicated during the MDMP in support of unified land operations. The indicators that can be satisfied using OSINT during IPB include but are not limited to —
IPB is used primarily by commanders and staffs as a guide to evaluate specific datasets in order to gain an understanding of a defined operational environment. Prior to operations, an examination of national, multination partner, joint, and higher echelon databases is required to determine if the information requested is already available. As operations commence, new intelligence and information requirements are further identified as a result of battlefield changes. Publicly available information and open sources, when produced and properly integrated in support of the all-source intelligence effort, can be used to satisfy intelligence and information requirements."