Stefano Comino & Fabio Maria Manenti, Intellectual Property and Innovation in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) (European Commission Joint Research Center) (JRC97451) (Nikolaus Thumm ed. 2015) (full-text).
The aim of this study is to provide a structured review of the role of IPR in fostering innovation and economic growth in the European ICT sector. Typically IPR analysis of industries focuses on patents. In practice, however, IPR strategies are developed combining the use of different IP rights. The scope of analysis considers this and looks at the joint use of patents, trademarks and industrial designs, each protecting a different type of knowledge-based asset.
Based on these characteristics, the focus of the research is to provide an overview of the mechanisms typically employed in order to appropriate the returns from R&D investments. For each formal IPR, it briefly reviews the main contributions to the economic literature, both theoretical and empirical, on the rationale for its existence and the effects it generates on firms' behaviour and market outcomes. It then highlights the most important emerging issues. The final section of the study focuses on the software industry.