Council of Canadian Academies, Innovation and Business Strategy: Why Canada Falls Short (Apr. 2009) (full-text).
This report addresses the fundamental factors that influence the innovation behaviour of businesses in Canada. Innovation is of great economic importance because it is, directly and indirectly, the key driver of labour productivity growth (increased output per hour worked) and the main source of national prosperity. The panel has therefore approached innovation as an economic process rather than as a primarily science and engineering activity. The theme is the link between business strategy and innovation activity. The focus is on the long run, spanning several turns of the economic cycle. The findings therefore remain relevant despite the current shock to the global economy. As requested by the government, the report is primarily a diagnosis, not a policy prescription, though it provides a body of facts and informed opinion that is of policy relevance.