National Research Council, Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, Information Technology for Counterterrorism: Immediate Actions and Future Possibilities (John L. Hennessy, David A. Patterson, & Herbert S. Lin, Eds. (2003) (full-text).
The report concludes that the most devastating consequences of a terrorist attack would occur if it were on or used IT as part of a broader attack. The report presents two recommendations on what can be done in the short term to protect the nation's communications and information systems and several recommendations about what can be done over the longer term. The report also notes the importance of considering how an IT system will be deployed to maximize protection against and usefulness in responding to attacks.