U.S. Navy, Information Operations for the U.S. Navy: Control of the Information Battlespace for Maritime Dominance (2000) (not available online).
This White Paper introduced a new term, knowledge superiority, to the Information operations (IO) vocabulary. This White Paper acknowledged that IO is a relatively new concept whose Joint doctrine was published in 1998. It addresses a concept for IO, defines maritime IO, considers the application of IO from the strategic to tactical level, suggests an organization for Navy IO and offers some thoughts on operationalizing IO.
In this White Paper IO is viewed as a vital contributor to knowledge superiority. It is seen as the power projection and force protection application of information technologies in information operations and as an enabling function, much the same as it is in the Joint and Army doctrine.