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Inductive reasoning

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Inductive reasoning, also known as induction, is a kind of reasoning that constructs or evaluates general propositions that are derived from specific examples. Inductive reasoning is generally conducted in four stages:

  • Observation (collect facts without bias).
  • Analysis (classify facts by establishing patterns of regularity).
  • Inference (from the patterns, infer generalizations about the relationship between facts).
  • Confirmation (test the inference through further observation).

Inductive reasoning is useful when there is limited information about a problem.

Inductive reasoning contrasts with deductive reasoning, in which specific examples are derived from general propositions.

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