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Identity fraud

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Definitions Edit

Australia Edit

Identity fraud is

using another’s personal information without permission. Identity fraud can be very costly to the victim, damaging their finances, reputation and credit rating.[1]

Canada Edit

Identity fraud is

the fraudulent use of another person's personal identification to gain advantage, obtain property, disadvantage another person, avoid arrest or defeat or obstruct the course of justice.[2]

General Edit

Identity fraud "refers to the use of identification or identity information to commit other crimes or avoid detection and prosecution in some way."[3] Identity fraud is the umbrella term that refers to a number of crimes involving the use of false identification — though not necessarily a means of identification belonging to another person. Identity theft is the specific form of identity fraud that involves using the personally identifiable information of someone else.

United States Edit

Identity fraud is

the umbrella term that refers to a number of crimes involving the use of false identification — though not necessarily a means of identification belonging to another person.[4]

Overview Edit

"Identity theft" and "identity fraud" are terms that are often used interchangeably. Identity fraud is the umbrella term that refers to a number of crimes involving the use of false identification — though not necessarily a means of identification belonging to another person. Identity fraud became a federal crime through the False Identification Crime Control Act of 1982.[5]

References Edit

  1. Australian Institute of Criminology, "Identity Fraud."[1].
  2. See Bill S-4, An Act to amend the Criminal Code (identity theft and related misconduct).[2]
  3. U.N. Intergovernmental Expert Group, "Fraud and the Criminal Misuse and Falsification of Identity" (2007).
  4. Identity Theft: Trends and Issues, at 3.
  5. Pub. L. No. 97-398, codified at 18 U.S.C. §1028.

See also Edit

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