Identity Theft Enforcement and Restitution Act of 2008 (ITERA), Pub. L. No. 108-275, Tit. II, 122 Stat. 356 (Sept. 26, 2008), codified at 18 U.S.C. §1030.
In 2008, Congress enhanced the identity theft laws by passing the Act. The principal provisions of Act include clarification and expansion of jurisdiction for various cybercrime offenses, a directive to the United States Sentencing Commission regarding identity-theft sentences, and authority for federal courts to include in sentences a requirement that a defendant convicted under the general identity theft offenses pay "equal to the value of the time reasonably spent by the victim in an attempt to remediate the intended or actual harm incurred by the victim from the offense."