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High-performance computing

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Definitions Edit

High-performance computing (HPC)

is a term that encompasses both "supercomputing" and "grid computing." In general, high-performance computers are defined as stand-alone or networked computers that can perform "very complex computations very quickly."[1]
refers to the use of advanced computing technologies, especially supercomputers, to solve highly complex, numerically intensive problems in the shortest possible time.[2]

Overview Edit

"High-performance computing (HPC) has played a central role in establishing the importance of simulation and modeling as the third pillar of science (theory and experiment being the first two), and the growing importance of data is creating the fourth pillar."[3]

References Edit

  1. House of Representatives, Committee on Science, "Supercomputing: Is the United States on the Right Path," at 5-6 (Hearing Transcript) (2003) (full-text).
  2. High-Performance Computing: Advanced Research Projects Agency Should Do More to Foster Program Goals, at 2.
  3. Cyberinfrastructure for 21st Century Science and Engineering: Advanced Computing Infrastructure Vision and Strategic Plan, at 4.

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