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Harm

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Definitions Edit

General Edit

Harm is

any negative or unwanted effects that would be experienced by an individual that may be socially, physically, or financially damaging.

Information security Edit

Harm is

damage, fiscal damage, or loss or misuse of information that adversely affects one or more individuals or undermines the integrity of a system or program. There is a wide range of harms, including anticipated threats or hazards to the security or integrity of records which could result in substantial harm, embarrassment, inconvenience, or unfairness to any individual on whom information is maintained. The range also includes harm to reputation and the potential for harassment or prejudice, particularly when the health or financial benefits information is involved.
any adverse effects that would be experienced by an individual or organization (e.g., that may be socially, physically, or financially damaging) whose information was breached, as well as any adverse effects experienced by the organization that maintains the information.[1]
any adverse effects that would be experienced by an individual (i.e., that may be socially, physically, or financially damaging) or an organization if the confidentiality of PII were breached.[2]

Harm is "a loss of integrity, availability, or confidentiality."[3]

References Edit

  1. Incident Response Procedures for Data Breaches, Glossary, at 4.
  2. NISTIR 8053, at 40-41.
  3. NIST Special Publication 800-4, App. D, Glossary.

See also Edit

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