Geographical indications (GI) are
|“||indications that identify a good as originating in a country, region, or locality, where a given quality, reputation, or other characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin.||”|
Examples of geographical indications from the United States include: "FLORIDA" for oranges; "IDAHO" for potatoes; "VIDALIA" for onions; and "WASHINGTON STATE" for apples.
- source identifiers,
- guarantees of quality, and
- valuable business interests.
WTO Members and their nationals are increasingly recognizing that geographical indications are valuable as marketing tools in the global economy. Furthermore, intellectual property owners are finding that protecting IP is no longer just a domestic endeavor. To that end, intellectual property owners must be armed with information about domestic and foreign systems of GI protection in order to fully leverage the value added by GIs to their goods and services both at home and abroad.
While some countries have separate geographical indication protection systems, the United States protects geographical indications through its trademark system.
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