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Definitions Edit

Geocoding is

a function of a geographic information system (GIS) that determines a physical location based on an address.
the conversion of spatial information into computer-readable form. As such, geocoding, both the process and the concepts involved, determines the type, scale, accuracy, and precision of digital maps.[1]
[the] assignment of alphanumeric codes or coordinates to geographically referenced data. Examples include the two-letter country codes, or the coordinates of a residence computed from its address. The end result is spatial data that can be displayed as features on a map.[2]
[t]he process of associating geographic coordinates or grid cell identifiers to data, points, lines, and shapes.[3]

References Edit

  1. U.S. Census Bureau, Glossary (full-text).
  2. Geospatial Information and Geographic Information Systems (GIS): An Overview for Congress, at 3.
  3. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Glossary of Terms 14 (full-text).

See also Edit

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