Definition Edit

Geo-blocking (short for geographic blocking) is

the practice of preventing users from viewing Web sites and downloading applications and media based on location. Used by countries to block foreign material as well as by movie and TV studios to restrict viewing to specific regions, geo-blocking is accomplished by excluding targeted, IP addresses.[1]

Overview Edit

European Union Edit

"Geo-blocking is one of several tools used by companies to segment markets along national borders (territorial restrictions). By limiting consumer opportunities and choice, geo-blocking is a significant cause of consumer dissatisfaction and of fragmentation of the Internal Market.

"Geo-blocking practices may be the result of a unilateral decision by market players, of agreements among competitors to share the market, or of vertical agreements (for distribution rights on a territory). Sometimes these restrictions on supply and ensuing price differentiation can be justified, for instance where the seller needs to comply with specific legal obligations. However, in many cases online geo-blocking is not justified."[2]

References Edit

  1. "Geo-blocked," PC Magazine Encyclopedia (full-text).
  2. A Digital Single Market Strategy for Europe, at 6.

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