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Forensic science

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Definition Edit

Forensic science (often shortened to forensics) is "[t]he application of multi-disciplinary science capabilities to establish facts."[1]

Overview Edit

The term forensics comes from the Latin forensis or "before the forum."

"Forensic science can help investigators understand how blood spatter patterns occur (physics), learn the composition and source of evidence such as drugs and trace materials (chemistry) or determine the identity of an unknown suspect (biology). Forensic science plays a vital role in the criminal justice system by providing scientifically based information through the analysis of physical evidence. During an investigation, evidence is collected at a crime scene or from a person, analyzed in a crime laboratory and then the results presented in court. Each crime scene is unique, and each case presents its own challenges."[2]

References Edit

  1. Biometrics Identity Management Agency, Biometrics Glossary, at 30 (Ver. 5) (Oct. 2010) (full-text).
  2. National Institute of Justice, "Forensic Science" (full-text).

See also Edit

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