Fair information practices are
|“||standards of practice required to ensure that entities that collect and use personal information provide adequate privacy protection for that information.||”|
The Fair Information Practices are not precise legal requirements. Rather, they provide a framework of principles for balancing the need for privacy with other public policy interests, such as national security, law enforcement, and administrative efficiency. Striking that balance varies among countries and among types of information (e.g., medication versus employment information).