Government Accountability Office, Export Controls: Agency Actions and Proposed Reform Initiatives May Address Previously Identified Weaknesses, but Challenges Remain (GAO-11-135R) (Nov. 16, 2010) (full-text).
The export control reform framework — as proposed — has the potential to address weaknesses in the U.S. export control system related to control lists, licensing, enforcement, and information technology, including areas where agencies have not addressed prior findings. However, for a few areas, such as developing measures of effectiveness for the arms export control system, agencies have not addressed some of our prior findings and the reform framework does not contain specific initiatives to address them. Furthermore, the Administration may have challenges in implementing fundamental reform of the export control system — such as reaching interagency agreement on which items need to be controlled and obtaining congressional approval for implementing reforms.
Enclosure I provides additional details on GAO reports from 2001 to 2010 related to U.S. export controls, including their key findings, agency actions in response to these findings, and whether the export control reform framework includes actions that may address these findings. This report includes no new recommendations.