National Research Council, Committee to Study High Performance Computing and Communications, Evolving the High Performance Computing and Communications Initiative to Support the Nation's Information Infrastructure (1995) (full-text).
Maintaining the United States' lead in information technology will require continued federal support of research in this area, most of which is currently funded under the High Performance Computing and Communications Initiative (HPCCI).
"The Report examined the payoff and key lessons learned from federal investment in computing research. The study concluded that this broad and sustained federal support profoundly affected the development of computer technology and ultimately led to numerous commercially successful applications. In turn, this stimulation of the commercial sector provided the means for government to acquire IT to meet its own needs."}}