Berkman Center for Internet & Society (Harvard University), Enhancing Child Safety & Online Technologies: Final Report of the Internet Safety Technical Task Force to the Multi-State Working Group on Social Networking of State Attorneys General of the United States (Dec. 31, 2008) (full-text).
The top two findings of the report were that “sexual predation on minors by adults, both online and offline, remains a concern” but that “bullying and harassment, most often by peers, are the most frequent threats that minors face, both online and offline.”
These two findings suggest that, thanks to the growing body of youth-online-risk research, society is now able to seek solutions which are fact-based, not fear-based, but also that minors themselves — mainly pre-teens and teens (though the tech-literacy age is going down) — have a role to play in improving their own safety online and that of their peers.
The report found that "many of the threats that youth experience online are perpetrated by their peers, including sexual solicitation and online harassment. "The report also cited more than a dozen times a 2007 study published in Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, which found that “youth who engage in online aggressive behavior . . . are more than twice as likely to report online victimization.”