Overview Edit

The Enhanced Proliferation Control Initiative (ECPI) is an export control initiative that permits the United States to stop U.S. firms from exporting information technologies at all performance levels to proliferators without the need for MTOPS-based controls.

EPCI has three elements. First, it allows the government to stop any shipment of any item going to questionable end-users for proliferation-related purposes. Under EPCI, the United States can impose licensing requirements on exports and reexports of normally uncontrolled goods and technology where there is a risk of diversion to WMD or missile proliferation. . . .

Second, EPCI gives the United States the authority to "inform" an exporter that a foreign entity is ineligible to receive U.S. goods without prior approval. The informing process can occur through a letter either to the U.S. exporter or through publication of an entity or list of entities in the Federal Register Notice. Once the United States lists an entity, exporters must obtain a license before selling to these entities. . . .

Finally, EPCI requires exporters to screen potential sales to avoid transfers to WMD programs. Exporters must apply for a license whenever they "know or have reason to know" the export could be associated with WMD-related activities. . . .

The raison d’etre for EPCI is that the government has knowledge about a potential diversion to a WMD-related activity that the exporter lacks.[1]

References Edit

  1. Computer Exports and National Security in a Global Era: New Tools for a New Century, at 25-26.

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