United States - Federal Edit
On October 26, 2001, President Bush signed into law H.R. 3162, the USA PATRIOT Act of 2001. The U.S. Secret Service was mandated by this Act to establish a nationwide network of Electronic Crimes Task Forces (ECTFs). The concept of the ECTF network is to bring together not only federal, state and local law enforcement, but also prosecutors, private industry and academia. The common purpose is to prevent, detect, and investigate electronic crimes, cyber-based attacks, and intrusions against CIKR and electronic payment systems, and provide interagency information sharing on related issues.
The Secret Service's ECTF and Electronic Crimes Working Group initiatives prioritize investigative cases that involve electronic crimes. These initiatives provide necessary support and resources to field investigations that meet any one of the following criteria:
- Significant economic or community impact
- Participation of organized criminal groups involving multiple districts or transnational organizations
- Use of schemes involving new technology.