United Nations Development Programme, E-Government Interoperability: A Review of Government Interoperability Frameworks in Selected Countries (2007) (full-text).
This is one of three publications in a series on e-Government interoperability.
This Review compares and analyses the Government Interoperability Frameworks (GIFs) of seven countries (Australia, Brazil, Denmark, Germany, Malaysia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom), as well as the European Interoperability Framework (EIF) promulgated by the European Union. These comparisons are intended to provide supplementary information for countries interested in developing their own GIFs or updating existing frameworks.
This Review focuses on how GIFs in different countries were developed, the principles that animate them, the technical standards they mandated and/or recommend, the way they are managed, and the implementation and compliance mechanisms they have established.