It may include the distribution of forged documents, manuscripts, and photographs, or spreading malicious rumors and fabricated intelligence. "Disinformation differs fundamentally from misinformation — unintentional errors which occur when facts are unclear and deadline pressures are urgent — in its clearly misleading and propagandistic purposes."
In espionage or military intelligence, disinformation is the deliberate spreading of false information to mislead an enemy as to one's position or course of action. In politics, disinformation is the deliberate attempt to deflect voter support of an opponent, disseminating false statements or innuendo based on the candidates vulnerabilities as revealed by opposition research. In both cases, it also includes the distortion of true information in such a way as to render it useless or harmful.
Disinformation techniques may also be found in commerce and government, where it can be used to try to undermine the position of a competitor. It is an act of deception and blatant false statements to convince someone of an untruth.
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